Hispanic & World Timeline
Hispanics Christianized the Roman Empire
In one generation Hispanics Explored, Colonized over half the earth & waters
Historians credit Spain for the total discovery -exploration-colonization of the western hemisphere nowhere in the history of the human race has this ever ocurred..
Exploration & Colonization
1492 to -- 1542
During the period of exploration, in one generation, approximately
300,000 Spaniards had emigrated to the New World
They established over 200 cities and towns throughout America.
From Exploring the West & Colonizing the West; from the most southern
tip of South America to most of North America; chartered the oceans, islands,
criss crossing America by foot, raft, ship, & by horse, & in one
generation Hispanics acquired more new territory than Rome conquered
in five centuries . . . . . . . .
1493 - The Spanish Sovereigns grant the Admiral from Castille, Cristóbal
the right to bear arms.
1499 - Ojeda explores Venezuelan coastline.
1500 - Férnandes explores Labrador.
1501 - Rodrígo de Bastidas explores Central America Coast and Caribbean
1502 - The Book of Priveleges: A collection of agreements between the Spanish Admiral of the Oceans Cristóbal Colón and the King and Queen of Spain, before his 4th and final voyage.
1508 - Velasquéz-Cortés-Pónce de León - conquest of Cúba
1508 - Juán Pónce de León explored Puérto Ricó
1508 - Vicénte Yanez Pinzon and Juán Diáz de Solís sailed along the coast of Yucatán.
1509 - Juán Poncé de León explored Jamaica.
1510 - Settlements in Jamaica.
1512 - Poncé de Leon explores both sides of the Florida Peninsula.
1512 - Hernan Cortés becomes mayor of Santiagó, Cubá
1512 - Velasquéz becomes Govenor of Cubá.
1513 -Vasco de Nuñez de Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama
the first European to see the Pacific ocean.
1513 - Vasco de Nuñez de Balboa names body of water the "Pacific" ocean.
1513 - Poncé de León explores Florida coast.
1514 - Don Pànfilo de Narvàez appointed govenor of Florida.
1516 - Diáz de Solis locates mouth of Rio de la Pláta.
1517 -1518 - First Spanish effort to colonize mainland Mexico.
1517 - Hernandéz de Cordova begins extensive expedition begins along the Yucatán coast.
1518 - Juán de Grijalva sails alon the Mexican coast, from Cozumel to Cabo Roxo, collecting the first European impression of Mesoamerian.
1519 - 1522 - Ferdinand Magellan, a Spanish subject Ferdinand Magellan a Spanish subject, Magellan's, crew & ship, completes voyage of circumnaviation.
1519 - Alfonsó Alvaréz Pinéda reconnoiters the Gulf coast from Florida to Rio Panuco (the Gulf of México Coast).
1519 - Diégo de Velazquéz (the Governo of Cuba), sends Hernan Cortés to the Yucatán Coast.
1519 - 1519 during the month of April, Cortés founds the first Spanish settlement in México,La Villa Rica de la Vera Crúz. Begins inland exploration.
1519 - Hernan Cortés brings horses from Spain to the Americas.
Hernan Cortes army of Spaniards was accompanied by a large number of
native auxiliaries. Spanish women also accompanied the expedition.
Several Castillian women established themselves as nurses: Isabel Rodriguez,
had a legendary touch with the wounded. Beatriz de Pardes, on occasion
fought in place of her husband. Las Conquistadoras
1520 - Alvaréz de Pinéda sails across the Gulf of México from Texas to Florida.
1520 -Pànfilo de Narvàez arrives for orders for Cortés arrest. When Cortés leaves Tenóchtitlán to join Narvaez in battle, Pedró de Alvarado was left in charge of the city. De Alvarado allows a religious festival that turns into the Massacre of the Templó Máyor. The Spaniards are caught trying to escape are attacked and are killed in large numbers. This event is know as the "Noche Triste, The Sad Night".
1521 - May 1521 Spaniards begin the siege de Tenochitlan/Mexico lasts 75 days.
1521 - Poncé de León in Florida -effort to establish colony.
(note: Christians where Catholic from the
time of Christ up to the early 1500s.
The 20,000 plus Protestant churches came after 1537, long after the
Americas were colonized by Catholic Christians.)
1521 - Gordillo and Quexos explore Atlantic coast to Cape Hatteras (off North Carolina)
1519- 1521 Cortés conquers México
Ordaz, one of Cortés' Lieutenants, climbs to the 17,887 foot summit of Popocatepetl.
1522 - 1536: Expeditions - Cortés to Panuco Gonzálo Sandovál to Coatzacoalcos Luis Main to Oaxáca and Chiápas Pedró de Alvaradó to Guatemalá Olid to Zacatula Michoacán to Northwest (later Reíno de Nuéva Galicia Nuno de Guzmán to Northwest also
1523 - Estéban Gomés scouts North American coast from Nova Scotia (Nova Scotia is east of Main, the most northern part of the eastern USA ), and to the most southern of theUSA Florida.
1524 Franciscan Monks arrive.
1525 - Estéban Gomés - Explores from Cape Charles to Cape Code and the Hudson, Delaware and the Connecticut rivers (most northern NE USA & up into Canada).
1525 -Ayllon, went up the Atlantic Coast to Cape Fear.
1526 - Lucás Vasquéz de Ayllon -settled on the Savannah River.
1526 - Georgia - First European settlement was in present day Georgia , San Miguel de Gualdape, Founded and settled by Spain.
1527 - June 1527 Panifilo de Narvaez with a fleet of five ships left Spain, with 600 men, arrived in Hispanola February 1528.
1528 - The same fleet entered near Tampa Bay, St Petersburg, Florida, (had come from Cúba this trip). Explores coastline from Tampa Bay to Galveston.
1528 - Alvar Nuñez Cabéz de Vacá and three others off the coast of Texas, at Galveston Island they were castaways of the Narvaez expedition.
1528 - King Carlós V establishes the first Audiecia in Nueva España-Tierra Nova, to handle judicial and executive matters.
1528 - Don Panfilo and troops went north, encountered a indigenous village. Continued north and encountered the "Apalachee" tribe.
1530 - Tampico (Modern day Texas), established by Fray Andrés de Olmos
1531 - The Appearance of the Virgin Mary to Juán Diégo, in the city of Guadalúpe. Our Lady of Guadalupe becomes Méxicos' patron Saint.
1531 - Pizzaro the conquest of Perú: Perú colonized by Spain
1534- 1536 - Cabéza de Vacá (and three others from the Narvaez expedition), walk from Galveston (Texas), New méxico, and Arizona and to the west coast of México.
1535 - Nuñez Cabez de Vacá preforms the first surgical operation in the North American Continent near Pecos, Texas.
1535 - Cárlos V, appointed António de Méndoza as New Spains' 1st Viceroy. Nueva España is divided into provinces ruled by a govenor-general (António de Mendóza cousin of Cárlos I Rey de España and also know as Cárlos (Charles) V the Holy Roman Emperor.)
1535 to 1565 - Poncé de León and Hernan de Soto's Expeditions
1536 - Nuñez Cabéza de Vacá, Estéban and the two others wander into New México and later spread rumors of Cibola.
1536 - Melchor Diáz (under Coronado) welcomes the Castaways -Nuñez Cabeza de Vacá & his men back to civilization.
1536 - Pedró de Mendóza founds Buenos Aires.
1536 - Quesada, conquest of Colombía
1536 - Almagro begins conquest of Chilé
1537 - The oldest Marine Corp in the world are the Spanish Marines,
originated in 1537,
which took part in the conquest of America.
1537 - Irala founds Asuncion
1538 - Quesada founds Bogata.
1539 - The first press is introduced in the North American Continent by the Spanish.
1539 - Fray Márcos de Niza lead expedition into New México.
1539 to 1542 - Hernando de Sóto explores the lower south of the present day United States of America, leaves Cubá, travels inland across ten states, discovers the Mississippi River.
1540 - Francisco Vasquéz de Coronado Fráncisc7oacute; Vasquéz de Coronado explores California, Kansas, Arizona, New México, Texas, Oklahoma. Francisco Vasquéz de Coronado with 1000 soldiers, leaves México City in search of Cibola, ventures into New México- Zuni. (note: Hernan Cortés had also voluntered for the expedition, but he was needed elsewhere.) Went near Santa Fé, New México. Vasquéz de Coronado cris crossed where Cabéza de Vacá had been.
* Lope de Samaniego (was the first to die in the expedition.)
* included in the expedition were three women Franciscá de Hozes (wife of the shoemaker), María Maldonado (was expeditions nurse), and natural wife of Lope Caballéro.*
1540 - A soldier in Coronado's army, Garcí;a Lopéz de Cardénas was the first European to see the Grand Canyon in Arizona.
1540 - Valdivia founds Santiágo, Chilé.
1540 - Melchor Diáz discovers California (under Vasquéz de Coronado). Melchor Diáz blazed more trails, saw more unexplored country, rode more miles, than any other conquistador during the entrada. Was our first frontiersman.
1541 - De Sotó explores the Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast.
1542 - Juán Rodríguéz Cabrillo and Bartolome Ferrelo, explorer/reconnaissance up the west coast of North America up to Oregon and including the area of San Diégo.
1542 - Villalobos pioneers mid-Pacific route to the Philippines.
1542 - Alvar Nuñez Cab´eza de Vaca's 1,000 mile walk across southern Brazíl to Asuncion.
1542 - Francisco de Orellana completes two year (on a raft) float trip in the jungles of the Amazon.
1551 - The First University on the North American continent established. The Real y Pontificia Universidad de Mexico, had the same privileges as the Universidad de Salamanca, had five facultades/schools. (The University of Salamanca, Spain, was the leading University in Europe of its time and still a leading University).
* * * * 1564 Galileo and William Shakespeare born:
the works of Shakspeare were originated by a Hispanic, 300 years
before Shakspeare was born. He was the "infante" (prince) "Don Juán
Manuel". Son of a King of Castile & León, XIII-XIV centuries.
Don Juán Manuel wrote short tales named "El Conde
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